Retaining wall blocks are structures which are used to support the mass of the soil so that the soil which is placed on the different side of the walls can be contained. Retaining walls are built to bind the two soils which are placed between the two different terrain elevations. It is closely associated with gardening and landscaping.
Unlike normal walls a retaining walls does not have its lateral support at the top. A retaining wall is supposed to bear the horizontal load instead of the vertical load. This is why it takes a completely different engineering approach when it comes to designing a retaining wall. It also requires special building material to bear the load. Some of the most common kind are listed below.
Gravity walls are either straight or curved and are usually under 4 feet. These make use of their own weight to hold the soil behind them and are generally designed from stones or large concrete blocks. They lean towards the soil with the help of interlocking gauges and their mass is used to resist the pressure of the soil. To build this kind of wall it is best to use concrete retaining wall blocks because these are durable and have enough mass to hold the soil properly.
These walls work on the principles of leverage. The construction is usually in the shape of an inverted t with a reinforced concrete masonry. In order to build such a wall less material is required when compared to that of a gravity wall. the material from the wall base can be different from that of the top base. The best material to build such a wall is concrete.
Counter fort walls
Counter for walls also requires support along its back side. These are built using concrete webs which are also known as counter forts and they are built at such an angle that it helps stabilize the wall. The concrete webs are located at regular intervals along the length of the wall and this can help relieve the pressure of the soil as well.
Sheet pile walls
These walls can either be made with the help of concrete, steel, vinyl or wooden planks and are ideal for a soft soil and a tight space. The different size planks are driven into the ground and hammered to ensure that they become stable these are then connected with the help of a groove in tongue. These are ideal for places which are prone to erosion.
If you are thinking about building a tall wall then you might consider building panel walls. These are most suitable for commercial projects because they are used for areas which are full of heavy load. The material used to build this is concrete reinforced with steel or custom design material with various architectural finishes.
All of these above mentioned kind of walls require special types of retaining wall blocks. Make sure you talk to an expert today to see which kind of wall would be suitable for your project.